Nazi loot will never be known; it has proved beyond man's capacity to accurately compute." Gold reserves and other foreign holdings were seized from the national banks of occupied nations, while large "occupation costs" were usually imposed. According to Raeder, "Our Air Force could not be counted on to guard our transports from the British Fleets, because their operations would depend on the weather, if for no other reason. Germany exploited the raw materials and labour of both its occupied territories and its allies. More than a thousand people (out of a population of around 16,000) committed suicide in Demmin on and around the 65th Army of 2nd Belorussian Front first broke into a distillery and then rampaged through the town, committing mass rapes, arbitrarily executing civilians, and setting. By 1944 over a half million women served as auxiliaries in the German armed forces. Millions were thrown out of work and several major banks collapsed. These partially fulfilled plans resulted in the democidal deaths of an estimated.3 million civilians and prisoners of war (POWs). Nazi Germany is the common English name for Germany between 19, when Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party (nsdap) controlled the country through a dictatorship. Under Hitler's rule, Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state that controlled nearly all aspects of life via the Gleichschaltung legal process. The official name of the state was Deutsches Reich (German Reich) until 1943.